Delegation is a common activity in project management and it is the role of the project manager to identify the roles and responsibilities of the project team early on. The thing is that projects always require the involvement of people – the project team –to ensure that the team does not struggle with one another when doing their tasks.
The RACI chart is a common type of responsibility assignment matrix that uses the responsible, accountable, consult and inform status to define the involvement of the stakeholders in doing project activities.
It is a straightforward tool that avoids confusion among the team members over their roles and responsibilities during the project. Without RACI, the project management team will simply run into a lot of trouble. Basically, the tool lets everyone within the project team know the tasks that they need to complete with the right level of quality and at a specific amount of time.
The secret to successfully making a RACI is to identify all of the tasks involved for a specific project. It is also important to identify the project roles and the people who will be involved in the project.
This term is defined in the 5th edition of the PMBOK.